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Kissinger, Henry Alfred

Kissinger, Henry Alfred (1923– ) US statesman and political scientist, secretary of state (1973–77), b. Germany. In 1969 he became President Richard Nixon's chief adviser on foreign policy, helping to establish the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) with the Soviet Union. As secretary of state, Kissinger shared the Nobel Peace Prize (1973) with Le Duc Tho for his part in negotiating a cease-fire in the Vietnam War. His ‘shuttle diplomacy’ brought a cease-fire agreement between Egypt and Israel in the 1973 Yom Kippur (October) War. After the fall of Nixon, Kissinger continued as secretary of state for President Ford.

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