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Magadha

Magadha (mŭ´gädə), ancient Indian kingdom, situated within the area of the modern states of Bihar and Jharkhand. Its capital was Pataliputra (now Patna). The kingdom rose to prominence in the mid-7th cent. BC and rapidly extended its frontiers, especially under the rule of Bimbisara (c.540–c.490). Magadha fell (c.325) to Chandragupta, who made the kingdom the nucleus of the Mauryan empire. After a period of obscurity, it recovered importance in the 4th cent. AD as the power-base of the Gupta dynasty. Buddhism and Jainism first developed in Magadha, and the Buddha used the Magadhi dialect of Sanskrit.

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"Magadha." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Magadha." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/magadha

"Magadha." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/magadha

Māgadhā

Māgadhā or Māgadhi. An ancient Indian language. It is chiefly important as the language employed by the Mauryan court of Aśoka and particularly in the rock edicts of that king. Māgadhī is a Prakrit, its most widespread script being Brāhmī.

The kingdom of Māghadā was one of sixteen N. Indian states mentioned in Buddhist sources. It was in an area centred in what is now Bihar.

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"Māgadhā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Māgadhā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/magadha

"Māgadhā." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/magadha