Naval Operations, Chief of
NAVAL OPERATIONS, CHIEF OF
NAVAL OPERATIONS, CHIEF OF. The post of chief of naval operations (CNO) was established on 3 February 1915 to give the navy a military chief "charged with the operations of the Fleet and with the preparations of plans for use in war." Legally, the CNO was only an adviser to the secretary of the navy, but the structure was adequate during World War I. The CINCUS (an unhappy acronym for commander in chief, changed after Pearl Harbor to COMINCH) was, in practice, the commander of the Atlantic, the Pacific, or the Asiatic Fleet. In March 1942 the titles of CNO and COMINCH merged in the person of Ernest J. King. His administration resulted in a general order abolishing COMINCH to vest CNO with clear supremacy.
Hone, Thomas. Power and Change: The Administrative History of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1946–1986. Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1989.
D. W.Knox/a. e.
"Naval Operations, Chief of." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/naval-operations-chief
"Naval Operations, Chief of." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/naval-operations-chief
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.