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gaucho

gaucho (gou´chō), cowboy of the Argentine and Uruguayan pampas (grasslands). The typical gaucho, a familiar figure in the 18th and 19th cent., was a daring, skillful horseman and plainsman. As fighters, revolutionary soldiers, and campaigners in frequent internal struggles, they played a significant role in national life. They were an especially strong political force in the early years of the Argentine republic. Gaucho support of the federalists was instrumental in overthrowing the government of Juan Martín de Pueyrredón and in bringing to power such caudillos as Juan Facundo Quiroga and Juan Manuel de Rosas. The immigration of large numbers of European farmers to the Pampa in the late 19th cent. marked the beginning of the gaucho's gradual disappearance. The payador, a wandering minstrel of the plain, was a type of gaucho. An extensive gaucho literature was developed in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. Most notable are the epic poems Martín Fierro (1872) and La Vuelta de Martín Fierro (1879), by Argentine José Hernández, and the novel Don Segundo Sombra (1926), by Argentine Ricardo Güiraldes. Rural inhabitants of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil are also called gaúchos.

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"gaucho." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gaucho." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gaucho

"gaucho." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gaucho

gaucho

gaucho Colourful cowboy of the Argentine, Paraguayan, and Uruguayan pampas. Originally nomadic, the mixed-blood gauchos became farmhands and superb horse soldiers. They were an important political force in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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"gaucho." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gaucho." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gaucho

"gaucho." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gaucho

gaucho

gau·cho / ˈgouchō/ • n. (pl. -chos) a cowboy of the South American pampas.

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"gaucho." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gaucho." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho-0

"gaucho." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho-0

Gaucho

Gaucho one of mixed European and Indian people in S. America. XIX. — Sp., of native orig.

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"Gaucho." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gaucho." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho-1

"Gaucho." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho-1

gaucho

gauchogazpacho, macho •nacho • pasticcio • honcho • gaucho •Ayacucho

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"gaucho." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gaucho." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho

"gaucho." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaucho