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Rulers of England and Great Britain ( (table))

Rulers of England and Great Britain

Rulers of England and Great Britain
(including dates of reign)
Saxons and Danes
Egbert, 802–39
Æthelwulf, son of Egbert, 839–58
Æthelbald, son of Æthelwulf, 858–60
Æthelbert, 2d son of Æthelwulf, 860–65
Æthelred, 3d son of Æthelwulf, 865–71
Alfred, 4th son of Æthelwulf, 871–99
Edward (the Elder), son of Alfred, 899–924
Athelstan, son of Edward, 924–39
Edmund, 3d son of Edward, 939–46
Edred, 4th son of Edward, 946–55
Edwy, son of Edmund, 955–59
Edgar, younger son of Edmund, 959–75
Edward (the Martyr), son of Edgar, 975–78
Æthelred (the Unready), younger son of Edgar, 978–1016
Edmund (Ironside), son of Æthelred, 1016
Canute, by conquest, 1016–35
Harold I (Harefoot), illegitimate son of Canute, 1037–40
Harthacanute, son of Canute, 1040–42
Edward (the Confessor), younger son of Æthelred, 1042–66
Harold II, brother-in-law of Edward the Confessor, 1066
House of Normandy
William I (the Conqueror), by conquest, 1066–87
William II (Rufus), 3d son of William I, 1087–1100
Henry I, youngest son of William I, 1100–1135
House of Blois
Stephen, grandson of William I, 1135–54
House of Plantagenet
Henry II, grandson of Henry I, 1154–89
Richard I (Cœur de Lion), 3d son of Henry II, 1189–99
John, youngest son of Henry II, 1199–1216
Henry III, son of John, 1216–72
Edward I, son of Henry III, 1272–1307
Edward II, son of Edward I, 1307–27
Edward III, son of Edward II, 1327–77
Richard II, grandson of Edward III, 1377–99
House of Lancaster
Henry IV, grandson of Edward III, 1399–1413
Henry V, son of Henry IV, 1413–22
Henry VI, son of Henry V, 1422–61, 1470–71
House of York
Edward IV, great-grandson of Edward III, 1461–70, 1471–83
Edward V, son of Edward IV, 1483
Richard III, brother of Edward IV, 1483–85
House of Tudor
Henry VII, descendant of Edward III, 1485–1509
Henry VIII, son of Henry VII, 1509–47
Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, 1547–53
Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII, 1553–58
Elizabeth I, younger daughter of Henry VIII, 1558–1603
House of Stuart
James I (James VI of Scotland), descendant of Henry VII, 1603–25
Charles I, son of James I, 1625–49
Commonwealth and Protectorate
Council of State, 1649–53
Oliver Cromwell, lord protector, 1653–58
Richard Cromwell, lord protector, 1658–59
House of Stuart
(restored)
Charles II, son of Charles I, 1660–85
James II, younger son of Charles I, 1685–88
William III, grandson of Charles I; ruled jointly with Mary II, 1689–94; ruled alone, 1694–1702
Mary II, daughter of James II; ruled jointly with William III, 1689–94
Anne, younger daughter of James II, 1702–14
House of Hanover
George I, great-grandson of James I, 1714–27
George II, son of George I, 1727–60
George III, grandson of George II, 1760–1820
George IV, son of George III, 1820–30
William IV, 3d son of George III, 1830–37
Victoria, granddaughter of George III, 1837–1901
House of Saxe Coburg
Edward VII, son of Victoria, 1901–10
House of Windsor
(family name changed during World War I)
George V, son of Edward VII, 1910–36
Edward VIII, son of George V, 1936
George VI, 2d son of George V, 1936–52
Elizabeth II, daughter of George VI, 1952–

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"Rulers of England and Great Britain ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Rulers of England and Great Britain ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rulers-england-and-great-britain-table

"Rulers of England and Great Britain ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rulers-england-and-great-britain-table

Kings and Queens of England and Britain

Kings and Queens of England and Britain

Years

Monarch

Age1

Reign2

1 On death

2 Duration of reign in years (m = months, d = days)

3 Became ruler by conquest

4 Son of William's daughter Adele and Stephen, Count of Blois; sometimes given as the monarch of the House of Blois

5 Deposed March 1461, restored October 1470, deposed April 1471, and killed in Tower of London May 1471

6 Acceded March 1461, deposed October 1470, restored April 1471

7 Edward was forced to name Lady Jane as his successor and a Council of State proclaimed her Queen; Mary, proclaimed Queen by the Council, had Jane beheaded in 1554

8 164953 Council of State; 165358 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector; 165860 Richard Cromwell (son), Lord Protector

9 Name changed from the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on July 17, 1917 (during World War 1)

10 Abdicated at the age of 42

Kings and Queens of England

West Saxon Kings (House of Cerdic)

802–839

Egbert3

――

37

839–858

Ethelwulf

――

19

858–860

Ethelbald

――

2

860–866

Ethelbert

――

6

866–871

Ethelred I

――

5

871–899

Alfred (the Great)

52

28

899–924

Edward (the Elder)

55

25

924–939

Athelstan (the Glorious)

45

15

939–946

Edmund I

25

6

946–955

Edred

32

9

955–959

Edwy (the Fair)

18

3

959–975

Edgar (the Peaceful)

32

16

975–978

Edward I (the Martyr)

17

3

978–1016

Ethelred II (the Unready)

47

38

1016

Edmund II (Ironside)

2

7 m

Danish Kings (House of Denmark)

1016–35

Canute ( Cnut)3

40

19

1035–40

Harold I ( Harefoot)

23

4

1040–42

Hardecanute ( Harthacnut)

24

2

West Saxon Kings (restored)

1042–66

Edward II (the Confessor)

61

23

1066

Harold II ( Godwinesson)

45

10 m

House of Normandy

1066–87

William I (the Conqueror)3

60

20

1087– 700

William II ( Rufus)

41

12

700–35

Henry I ( Beauclerc)

67

35

735-54

Stephen4

53

18

House of Anjou (Plantagenets)

754-89

Henry II ( Curtmantle)

56

34

789-99

Richard I (the Lionheart)

42

9

799-1216

John ( Lackland)

48

17

1216–72

Henry III

65

56

1272–1307

Edward I ( Longshanks)

68

34

1307–27

Edward II

43

19

1327–77

Edward III

64

50

1377–99

Richard II

33

22

House of Lancaster

1399–1413

Henry IV

47

13

1413– 8

Henry V

34

9

148-61

Henry VI5

49

39

House of York

1461–83

Edward IV6

40

21

1483

Edward V

12

2 m

1483–85

Richard III

32

2

House of Tudor

1485–1509

Henry VII

52

23

1509–47

Henry VIII

55

37

1547–53

Edward VI

15

6

1553

Jane ( Lady Jane Grey)7

16

9 d

1553–58

Mary I ( Mary Tudor)

42

5

1558–1603

Elizabeth I

69

44

Kings and Queens of Britain

House of Stuart

1603–25

James I (VI of Scotland)

58

22

1625–49

Charles I

48

23

1649–60

Commonwealth8

1660–85

Charles II

54

24

1685–88

James II

67

3

Interregnum December7, 1688 to February 12, 1689

1689–1702

William III

51

13

(and to 1694

Mary II

32

5)

1702–14

Anne

49

12

House of Hanover

1714–27

George I (Elector of Hanover)

67

13

1727–60

George II

76

33

1760–1820

George III

81

59

1820–30

George IV

67

10

1830–37

William IV

71

7

1837–1901

Victoria

81

63

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

1901–1910

Edward VII

68

9

House of Windsor

1910–36

George V

70

25

1936

Edward VIII10

77

10 m

1936–52

George VI

56

15

1952– 

Elizabeth II

――

――


Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kings and Queens of England and Britain." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kings and Queens of England and Britain." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kings-and-queens-england-and-britain

"Kings and Queens of England and Britain." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kings-and-queens-england-and-britain