In more recently settled English-speaking countries, names are often commemorative of places in the motherland, as with the city of Boston in Massachusetts in the US (after the town in Lincolnshire in England) and the town of Hamilton in Ontario, Canada (after the town near Glasgow in Scotland). They may also commemorate well-known people in the motherland or the new settlement: for example, the settlements and features called or incorporating the name of Queen Victoria in Cameroon (now Limbe), southern Africa, Canada, and Australia. Sometimes the names are simply descriptive, wherever they are found: the Black Isle a peninsula in Scotland, North Island in New Zealand, and the Rocky Mountains in the US and Canada.
Some place-names have two or more elements: a generic for the kind of place and a specific for a particular locale. The generic usually comes last, as in Atlantic Ocean, British Isles, Malvern Hills, Madison Avenue, New York City; sometimes, however, it comes first, as in Cape St Vincent, Mount Everest, Lake Huron; and sometimes the elements are joined by of, as in Bay of Fundy, Cape of Good Hope, Gulf of Carpentaria. Some names which might be expected to have a generic lack one: for example, the Matterhorn, the Himalayas. In a few instances, British and American practice differs: River Thames as against Mississippi River; County of Warwick and Warwickshire as against Clinton County, with county used attributively in Ireland, as in County Clare and County Tyrone (and in the one instance of County Durham in England). See place-name panels for AMERICAN, AUSTRALIAN, CANADIAN, ENGLISH, IRISH, NEW ZEALAND, SCOTTISH, SOUTH AFRICAN, WELSH.
"PLACE-NAME." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/place-name
"PLACE-NAME." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved December 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/place-name
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