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Yaroslav

Yaroslav (Yaroslav the Wise) (yərəsläv´), 978–1054, grand duke of Kiev (1019–54); son of Vladimir I. Designated by his father to rule in Novgorod, he became grand duke of Kiev after defeating his older brother Sviatopolk, who succeeded Vladimir I. A shrewd statesman, he consolidated the power and prestige of Kievan Rus. He regained W Galicia from the Poles (who had obtained it in return for supporting Sviatopolk), crushed (1036) the Pechenegs (nomadic invaders), and suppressed rebellions by Lithuanian and Finnish tribes. In 1043 he organized the last Russian campaign against Constantinople, in which his troops were routed. At home he encouraged learning, codified laws, erected magnificent buildings and churches, including the famous Cathedral of St. Sophia, and founded (1039) a patriarchate in Kiev. Yaroslav was in close contact with European dynasties; his daughters were married to Harold III of Norway, Andrew I of Hungary, and Henry I of France. Before his death Yaroslav divided his kingdom among his heirs, designating the oldest, Iziaslav, as grand duke of Kiev. The others were told to obey Iziaslav as they had their father, but civil war ensued.

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"Yaroslav." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Yaroslav." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yaroslav

Ahronovitch, Yuri (Mikhailovich)

Ahronovitch, Yuri (Mikhailovich) (b Leningrad, 1933). Israeli conductor of Russ. birth. Cond. Saratov PO 1956–7, Yaroslav SO 1957–64, Moscow Radio SO 1964–72. Settled in Israel 1972. CG début 1974. Cond. Gürzenich Concerts, Cologne, 1975–86. Prin. cond. Stockholm PO 1982–7. Teacher at Royal Swedish Acad. of Mus. from 1984.

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"Ahronovitch, Yuri (Mikhailovich)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ahronovitch, Yuri (Mikhailovich)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ahronovitch-yuri-mikhailovich

"Ahronovitch, Yuri (Mikhailovich)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ahronovitch-yuri-mikhailovich