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Times Square

TIMES SQUARE


TIMES SQUARE in New York City, formerly Longacre Square and often referred to as the "Great White Way" because of the Broadway theaters' lights that illuminate the district, is formed by the intersection of three streets—Broadway, Seventh Avenue, and Forty-second Street. It was renamed for the New York Times building erected at the opening of the twentieth century. By the 1920s the neighborhood became a concentrated entertainment district of theaters, vaudeville, cabarets, bars, and restaurants. The 1929 stock market crash took its toll on the area and many businesses that once attracted a well-heeled clientele turned to seamier forms of entertainment. In particular, pornographic movie houses, "peep shows," and the flesh trade gradually infested the district. By the 1960s the drug trade added an additional element of danger to the neighborhood. However, the area was never totally deserted by legitimate forms of entertainment and Broadway shows always guaranteed the retention of a certain flow of legitimate commercial traffic into the area. During the 1990s, New York City began a slow but steady push for its revitalization. In the early 2000s that process, sometimes referred to as "Disneyfication," was nearly complete and the district was a mecca for family-oriented tourism and entertainment.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Rogers, W. G. Carnival Crossroads: The Story of Times Square. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1960.

Stone, Jill. Times Square: A Pictorial History. New York: Collier, 1982.

Taylor, William, ed. Inventing Times Square: Commerce and Culture at the Crossroads of the World. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1991.

Faren R.Siminoff

See alsoBroadway .

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"Times Square." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Times Square." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/times-square

"Times Square." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/times-square

Times Square

Times Square, in New York City. Formed by the intersection of Broadway, Seventh Ave., and 42d St., this famous square was named (1904) for the building there that formerly belonged to the New York Times. The building, located in the center of the square, is still famous for the outdoor news "zipper" that displays up-to-the-minute news. Times Square and the adjacent area form one of the most concentrated entertainment districts in the nation, featuring legitimate theaters, motion picture houses, shops, newsstands, bars, and restaurants. During the 1970s and 80s, the area became notorious for pornographic theaters and general tawdriness, but it was cleaned up and revived in the 1990s. Broadway at Times Square, jammed with traffic and illuminated by a profusion of enormous electrical signs, is known as the "Great White Way." On New Year's Eve, close to a million people congregate there to celebrate.

See studies by W. R. Taylor (1991) and J. Traub (2004).

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"Times Square." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Times Square." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/times-square

"Times Square." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/times-square

Times Square

Times Square a square in Manhattan, New York City, at the intersection of Broadway, 42nd Street, and Seventh Avenue; it is named after the building formerly occupied by the New York Times, which still transmits news flashes in lights on its façade. It is often taken as the type of an area of the entertainment industry in a major city.

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"Times Square." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Times Square." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/times-square

"Times Square." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/times-square