Atambayev, Almazbek Sharshenovich
Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev, 1956–, Kyrgyz political leader, grad. Moscow Institute of Management (1983). An economist and Communist party member, he served (1983–87) on the Supreme Council of the Kyrgyz SSR. After independence, he became a successful businessman and was elected to parliament. A founder (1993) of the Social Democratic party and its head from 1999, he was its presidential candidate in 2000. He briefly (2005–6) served as minister of industry, trade, and tourism, and led antigovernment protests in Bishkek in 2006. Appointed prime minister in 2007 by President Bakiyev, he resigned later that year. In 2009 he again ran for president but withdrew before the voting, charging planned fraud. Following Bakiyev's exile and parliamentary elections in 2010, Atambayev became prime minister. In 2011 he won the presidency in a landslide, but the election was marred by irregularities.
"Atambayev, Almazbek Sharshenovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/atambayev-almazbek-sharshenovich
"Atambayev, Almazbek Sharshenovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 13, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/atambayev-almazbek-sharshenovich
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.