Humbert II, 1904–83, last king of Italy (1946), son and successor of Victor Emmanuel III. On the abdication (May, 1946) of his father, who was tainted by his long acquiescence (1922–43) to Fascist rule, Humbert succeeded to the throne, pending a referendum on the monarchy. The referendum (June, 1946) resulted in the establishment of a republic, and Humbert went into exile in Portugal.
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