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Peter II (king of Yugoslovia)

Peter II, 1923–70, king of Yugoslavia (1934–45). He succeeded under the regency of his cousin, Prince Paul, when his father, King Alexander, was assassinated in Marseilles. In World War II, when Paul's government signed (Mar., 1941) an agreement with the Axis Powers, the army and people of Yugoslavia overthrew the regent. Peter's personal rule began with the German invasion (Apr., 1941) of Yugoslavia. His troops were soon defeated and Peter fled to England, where he headed a government in exile. After the war the newly elected Yugoslav assembly abolished (Nov., 1945) the monarchy and proclaimed a republic headed by Marshal Tito. Peter protested the action and remained in exile. He lived in the United States, where he died; his remains were reinterred in Serbia in 2013. He wrote A King's Heritage (1954).

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Peter II (king of Portugal)

Peter II, 1648–1706, king of Portugal (1683–1706), younger son of John IV; brother and successor of Alfonso VI. In 1667, he seized power from his incompetent brother and ruled the country as prince regent until Alfonso's death. The marriage of Marie Françoise to Alfonso was annulled (1667), and she married Peter. The reign was one of prosperity and peace until its final years. Portugal became subservient to English foreign policy and, having signed the Treaty of Methuen (1703) with England, was reluctantly drawn into the War of the Spanish Succession. The allies were campaigning in Spain when Peter died. He was succeeded by his son, John V.

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Peter II (king of Aragón)

Peter II, 1174–1213, king of Aragón (1196–1213) and count of Barcelona, son and successor of Alfonso II. He had himself crowned (1204) at Rome by Pope Innocent III, whom he accepted as overlord of Aragón and Catalonia. In 1212 he helped Alfonso VIII of Castile defeat the Moors at Las Navas de Tolosa. In 1213, Peter went to the assistance of his brother-in-law Raymond VI of Toulouse and his own vassals in France against Simon de Montfort, leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He was slain in the battle of Muret, which marked the end of Aragonese hegemony in S France. His son James I succeeded him.

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Peter II

Peter II (1923–70) Last King of Yugoslavia (1934–41), son of Alexander I. He acceded the throne (aged 12) on the assassination of his father. The actual ruler was his uncle, Prince Paul, deposed in 1941 by a military coup. Peter ruled independently for a month until the invasion of the Axis Powers, when he fled to London. After the monarchy was abolished in 1945, he settled in the USA.

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