Skip to main content

Charles, Frederick William Bolton

Charles, Frederick William Bolton (1912–2002). English architect and expert on timberframed (especially cruck) construction. Considering the ‘patina of time’ and the ‘layering of history’ were unimportant, his approach to restoring old buildings was somewhat draconian, and thereby raised hackles. When he proposed shifting condemned timber-framed buildings in Coventry to one site (Spon Street), he ran foul of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB): the final result was perhaps unconvincing, but had they not been moved, the buildings would have been destroyed. More successful among his interventions, perhaps, were Bear Steps, Shrewsbury, Salop., Boring Mill Cottage, Ironbridge, Salop., and the Ancient High House, Stafford. He was also a key figure in the formation of the Avoncroft Museum of Historic Buildings, Worcs., and his reconstruction of the C14 Bredon Tithe Barn, Worcs. (for the National Trust after a disastrous fire (1980), which changed the Trust's attitude to making good damaged buildings), was of considerable importance. His Medieval Cruck Building and its Derivatives (1967) was influential, but his main published legacy is Conservation of Timber Buildings (1984), written with his second wife and architectural partner, Mary. His son, Martin (1940– ), is the well-known architectural photographer.

Bibliography

F. Charles (1967, 1984, 1997);
Martin Charles ;
The Times (12 Sept. 2002), 37

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Charles, Frederick William Bolton." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Charles, Frederick William Bolton." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/charles-frederick-william-bolton

"Charles, Frederick William Bolton." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/charles-frederick-william-bolton

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.