The Egyptian style was used for several buildings in France, notably a series of fountains (e.g. Place du Châtelet, Paris (1807)), while elsewhere the Egyptian Revival spawned progeny ( P. F. Robinson's Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly, London (1811–12), Canina's Egyptian Gate, Borghese Gardens, Rome (c.1825–8), J. Haviland's ‘Tombs’ Gaol, NYC (1835–8), and the same architect's New Jersey State Penitentiary, Trenton (1843–6), the entrance-gates and lodges of Abney Park Cemetery, London (1840), by Hosking and Bonomi, and the last's Temple Mills, Marshall Street, Leeds, Yorks. (1842) are examples). Egyptianizing motifs are common in European and American design: they include battered square chimney-pots with Egyptian cornices, lotus-buds and leaves, obelisks, pyramids, and sphinxes. Battered towers resembling those flanking Egyptian temple pylons were ideally suited for suspension-bridges, while battered retaining-walls and dams often had sections derived from Ancient Egyptian precedents. Funerary architecture was often in the Egyptian style, especially in the period 1820–50. C20 Egyptology, including the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb in 1922, influenced a further revival of the Egyptian style that was spurred by the 1925 Paris exhibition in which Egyptian and Aztec archaeology influenced the burgeoning Art Deco style, though many elements were derived from Piranesi. More recently both Post-Modernism and Rational architecture have incorporated aspects of Egyptian architecture, and its potency remains undimmed.
J. Curl (2005);
Humbert (ed.) (1996);
Humbert,, Pantazzi,, & and Ziegler (1994);
"Egyptian Revival." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/egyptian-revival
"Egyptian Revival." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/egyptian-revival
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.