Fort Sumter, Capture of
On 10 April 1861, Confederate secretary of war Leroy Pope Walker ordered Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard to demand the evacuation of the Charleston post and, if refused, to reduce it. Maj. Robert Anderson held Fort Sumter with a modest garrison and forty‐eight guns, few of which could be manned. The Confederates encircled the harbor installation with thirty heavy pieces and eighteen mortars, and bombarded it from 4:30 A.M. on 12 April until early the next afternoon. Raging fires threatened the defenders and Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter with the honors of war. He began evacuating the post on the 14th.
[See also Civil War.]
William A. Swanberg , First Blood: The Story of Fort Sumter, 1957.
Richard N. Current , Lincoln and the First Shot, 1963.
Perry D. Jamieson
"Fort Sumter, Capture of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-sumter-capture
"Fort Sumter, Capture of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved November 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-sumter-capture
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