Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz
Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz (äbdŏŏl´lä Ĭb´ən ăbdŏŏl´ ăzēz´), 1924–2015, king of Saudi Arabia (2005–15), b. Riyadh. Like his predecessor, King Fahd, he is a son of Saudi Arabia's founder, Ibn Saud, but by a different wife. In 1963 he was appointed deputy defense minister and also commander of the Saudi National Guard, a post he held until 2010. Named second deputy prime minister in 1975, he became crown prince and first deputy prime minister on Fahd's accession to the throne in 1982. From the 1970s he worked to modernize the kingdom's economy and also was active as a diplomat. After the king suffered a stroke in 1995, Abdullah became Saudi Arabia's de facto ruler. A traditionalist, Arab nationalist, and active supporter of the Wahhabi form of Islam, he nonetheless introduced a number of cautious governmental reforms and cracked down on militants following terrorist attacks in 2003. Abdullah also sought to balance strong ties with other Arab and Muslim countries with good relations with the United States and European nations. He was succeeded as king by Salman.
"Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/abdullah-bin-abdul-aziz
"Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 13, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/abdullah-bin-abdul-aziz
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.