Bakiyev, Kurmanbek Saliyevich
Kurmanbek Saliyevich Bakiyev (kōōrmänbĕk´ bäkē´yĕv), 1949–, Kyrgyz political leader, president of Kyrgyzstan (2005–2010), b. Masadan. A graduate of Kuybyshev Polytechnic Institute (1972), he served in the Soviet armed forces (1974–76) and worked as an electrical engineer and factory manager before entering politics in 1990. Bakiyev held various government posts, becoming prime minister in 2000. He was forced to resign in 2002, in the wake of violent government clashes with the opposition, and then became the leader of the People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan. Following another uprising and the forced exile of President Askar Akayev in Mar., 2005, Bakiyev was named interim president and prime minister. In the July, 2005, presidential election he ran on a platform of attacking the country's endemic poverty and corruption; his reelection in July, 2009, was marked by widespread irregularities. As Bakiyev's government became increasing authoritarian, opposition to him increased, and he went into exile in Apr., 2010, in the face of growing opposition protests and a subsequent self-proclaimed opposition interim government. Bakiyev subsequently was convicted in absentia of abuse of office (2013), plotting to kill a British businessman (2014), and orchestrating violence against an opposition rally (2014).
"Bakiyev, Kurmanbek Saliyevich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bakiyev-kurmanbek-saliyevich
"Bakiyev, Kurmanbek Saliyevich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bakiyev-kurmanbek-saliyevich
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.