Massimo D'Alema (mäs´sēmō´ dälā´mä), 1949–, Italian politician, premier (1997–2000) of Italy. A member of the Italian Communist party (PCI) since 1968, he worked as a journalist and was active in the party and its youth arm. In 1987, D'Alema was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies (the lower house of parliament) for the first time. With PCI leader Achille Occhetto and other young party leaders, he was actively involved in the process (1989–91) that transformed the party into the Democratic Party of the Left (from 1998 Democrats of the Left, from 2007 the Democratic party), and in 1994, D'Alema became leader of the party. Following the collapse of Romano Prodi's government in 1997, D'Alema became Italian premier, heading an eclectic seven-party coalition; he was the first former Communist to head a Western European government. He resigned in Apr., 2000, after the coalition suffered losses in regional elections; his government was also weakened by the resistance of its smaller parties to D'Alema's push for an end to proportional representation in parliament. From 2006 to 2008 D'Alema was foreign minister in Romano Prodi's center-left government.
"D'Alema, Massimo." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dalema-massimo
"D'Alema, Massimo." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dalema-massimo
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.