Mohammad Omar, b. late 1950s, Afghan religious and political leader popularly known as Mullah Omar. From a rural Pashtun family, he became a Muslim cleric. In the 1980s he joined the mujahidin fighting the Soviet occupation and lost his right eye in battle. Objecting to postwar lawlessness and lax Muslim practice, he helped found (1994) the Taliban, and led madrasa students in the takeover of Kandahar and other Afghan cities. In 1996, when the Taliban had won control of much of Afghanistan, Omar was proclaimed amir al-mu'minin (commander of the faithful). Under his leadership, strict Islamic and traditional law was instituted. Following the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks on the United States, he refused to surrender Osama bin Laden, who had his headquarters in Afghanistan and is thought to have funded the Taliban. After U.S.-supported forces routed the Taliban, Omar went into hiding in the mountainous region along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, and his whereabouts, in Pakistan or Afghanistan, has been unclear since.
"Omar, Mohammad." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/omar-mohammad
"Omar, Mohammad." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/omar-mohammad
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.