Trenton and Princeton, Battles of
On Christmas night, in a storm of rain, hail, and snow, Washington led his remaining 2,400 men back across the Delaware, and just as dawn broke on the 26th, surprised and captured the 1,000‐man Hessian garrison at Trenton.
Careful not to attempt too much with too little, Washington's army retraced its steps back across the Delaware, only to appear on 3 January 1777 at Princeton, ten miles northeast of Trenton, outflanking British forces that had advanced to reclaim the town. The American army, reduced to 1,600 men, attacked 1,200 disorganized British troops at Princeton with modest success. Washington risked his life leading a charge against a British position, but kept his head and broke off the engagement before British reinforcements under Charles Cornwallis arrived from Trenton. The Continentals withdrew to the northwest and went into winter quarters at Morristown in mid‐January. Washington and his little army had foiled the British conquest of northern New Jersey and showed the world that the rebellion was not dead yet.
[See also Revolutionary War: Military and Diplomatic Course.]
William S. Stryker , The Battles of Trenton and Princeton, 1898.
Alfred H. Bill , The Campaign of Princeton, 1948.
Douglas S. Freeman , George Washington, Leader of the Revolution, 1951.
Harold E. Selesky
"Trenton and Princeton, Battles of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/trenton-and-princeton-battles
"Trenton and Princeton, Battles of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved February 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/trenton-and-princeton-battles
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