Skip to main content

Guebuza, Armando Emílio

Armando Emílio Guebuza (ärmän´dōō əmē´lyŏŏ gābōō´zä), 1943–, Mozambican business executive and politician, president of Mozambique (2005–15). A longtime supporter of the independence movement and member of the Mozambican Liberation Front (Frelimo), he relocated to Zambia in 1964 to join the group and later moved on to Tanzania, where he joined its armed wing. In 1992 he led the Frelimo delegation in peace talks with the rebel group Renamo, negotiating an accord that led to multiparty elections in 1994. He became Frelimo's general secretary in 2002 and, when President Chissano stepped down, was elected Mozambique's president in 2004. Guebuza succeeded Chissano as party president in 2005. He was reelected in 2009. He was succeeded by Filipe Nyusi in 2015, and then stepped down as party president.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Guebuza, Armando Emílio." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 18 Feb. 2018 <>.

"Guebuza, Armando Emílio." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (February 18, 2018).

"Guebuza, Armando Emílio." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.