Skip to main content

Otunbayeva, Roza

Roza Otunbayeva, 1950–, Kyrgyz political leader and diplomat, b. Osh. After graduating (1972) from Moscow State Univ. she taught philosophy (1972–78) at Kyrgyz State National Univ. She entered politics in the 1980s and after Kyrgyzstan's independence was foreign minister (1992) before becoming its first ambassador to the United States (1992–94). She was again foreign minister (1994–97) before serving as ambassador to Great Britain (1998–2001). Returning to Kyrgystan in 2004, she was a leader of the 2005 "Tulip Revolution" that ousted President Askar Akayev and installed Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Otunbayeva served as acting foreign minister and later (2007) was elected to parliament as a Social Democrat. In 2010 when spreading unrest led Bakiyev to flee and then step down, Otunbayeva became president of the interim government (2010–11). Her government drafted a constitution intended to create a parliamentary democracy and oversaw relatively successful elections, but also had to confront challenges from Bakiyev supporters, mainly in the south, which also was wracked (2010) by anti-Uzbek violence.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Otunbayeva, Roza." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Otunbayeva, Roza." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/otunbayeva-roza

"Otunbayeva, Roza." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/otunbayeva-roza

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.